Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory
There are a number of psychological theories and motivational
theories. Maslow's (1943) article on his theory of motivation
includes a hierarchy of needs. The theory about the needs basically
suggests that some needs have a higher priority than other needs. In
general, lower level needs would be achieved before higher level
needs are achieved. Below are five levels of needs (the lower levels
are indicated before the higher level needs) included in his 1943
article on motivation:
The lowest level in the needs hierarchy involves the physiological
needs. These needs would include such things as hunger, thirst, and
The second level in the needs hierarchy involves the safety needs.
These safety needs would include the need for security, order, and
Love and Belongingness Needs:
The third level in the needs hierarchy involves the love and
belongingness needs. These needs would include the need for
friendship and a romantic relationship.
The fourth level in the needs hierarchy involves the esteem needs.
These needs would include the need for self-respect and the need for
Need for Self-actualization :
The fifth level in the needs hierarchy involves the need for
self-actualization in which there is achievement of one's true
Maslow, A. H. (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological
Review, 50, 370-396.